This paper aims at discussing adequacy of social protection programs in the Pakistan and need and importance of overarching social protection system owing to pervasiveness of mass poverty and vulnerability. The country got its independent status from Britain colonization in 1947. After seven decades of the independence, living conditions of masses are miserable and vicious circle of poverty is persisting. The problem of poverty and marginalization gets worse in the absence of comprehensive social protection. Risk reduction and management is subject to availability of reliable and adequate social protection which has not been given so far to the masses of Pakistan. Materialistic thinking and effects of globalization have broken down traditional social guarantor, the family, and hence is an emerging trend of individualism in the country. In the modern times, state should come forward and play its due role of provision of adequate social protection to the needy and poor. It will be instrumental in building resilience and addressing economic vulnerability of billions of people living in Pakistan. The paper concludes that stake holders at public and private organizations should redefine and restructure the policies and plans for provision of adequate social protection benefits to the poor and vulnerable people in Pakistan.