During the colonial period (1843-1947) Khaipur was one of the princely states of British India. In Khairpur state the administration was so effective that the crime rate was lowest in Khairpur state in comparison with other parts of India. The system of crime prevention and detection was very effective in the state. Peaceful conditions and improved law and order during the state times were a result of efficient administrative system of Khairpur state. However, when the state joined Pakistan and it was converted merely into a division under the One-unit policy in 1955, the bureaucracy began to dominate the administrative affairs of state and played political role in Khairpur. The aim of this paper is to analyze the role of bureaucracy in Khairpur during the post-Colonial period.