Before Pakistan’s independence in 1947, a committee of educationists was appointed to deliberate on the nature of education to be imparted to the citizens of the envisaged new country. According to the decision of the committee, it was necessary to “impregnate the various disciplines with the philosophy and ideology of Islam”. After independence, a major educational conference in 1947 reaffirmed the ideal and characterized education as development of the ‘whole man’ i.e. development of spiritual, intellectual and physical aspects of human being. Search for security and economic aid after 1951 led to intervention of American consultants and American trained development planners. Emphasis shifted from education of ‘whole man’ to human resource for economic development. Intermittent bursts for educational uplift emphasized moral and material aspects of education without much systematic treatment of the subject. This study takes note of post-1951 rhetoric about education but undertakes more elaborate treatment of the pre-1951 educational conferences wherein education of whole man with reference to Iqbal was put forward quite emphatically.